JMW Turner (1775-1851)
Part of the Ghaut at Hurdwar
Joseph Mallord William Turner RA
Ink, watercolour, bodycolour and scratching out.
William Turner 1775 - 1851. Perhaps the most famous English landscape artist. He entered the Royal Academy of Art schools in 1789, when he was only 14 years old and was accepted into the academy a year later.
Sir Joshua Reynolds, president of the Royal Academy at the time, chaired the panel that admitted him. At first Turner showed a keen interest in architecture but was advised to keep to painting by the architect Thomas Hardwick (junior).
A watercolour of Turner's was accepted for the Summer Exhibition of 1790 after only one year's study.
He exhibited his first oil painting in 1796, Fishermen at Sea, and thereafter exhibited at the academy nearly every year for the rest of his life.
Although renowned for his oils, Turner is also one of the greatest masters of British watercolour landscape painting. He is commonly known as "the painter of light".
One of his most famous oil paintings is The fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up, painted in 1838, which hangs in the National Gallery, London.
Article By: Dave Roberts.
First Published: 2007.
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